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Kalal or Ahluwalia Sikh Subcastes

The real identity of Ahluwalia caste is that of  'Kalal'.  Kalal is a caste of professional distillers and wine-sellers. In the Hindu ritual framework, Kalal was regarded as a low caste  owing to their engagement in the manufacturing of  a product proscribed in religion. During 18th century , one of the member of Kalal caste by the name of Jassa Kalal converted to Sikhism and rose to prominence . His descendants started calling themselves  'Ahluwalia'  because Jassa Kalal was from the village 'Ahlo'.  In the later period, not just direct descendants of Jassa Kalal , but all Hindu as well as Sikh Kalals of Punjab started writing their caste name as 'Ahluwalia'  instead of   'Kalal'.  This is generally done to hide the humble origin of the caste.

According to Mcleod,  Ahluwalia is a "small Sikh caste, originally Kalals or brewers of country liquor. The Kalals were very close to being Outcastes in status. It was a small, tightly organized caste, and late in the 19th century its leaders decided to Sanskritize (i.e., adopt professions and a way of life that would result in an ascent in caste terms). They adopted for the caste the name of a famous Kalal,Jassa Singh Ahluvalia, and rigorously followed a lifestyle conspicuously higher than was higher than was required of a low caste. In adopting the name of distinguished misldar, the Ahluwalias have beem more successful than Ramgarhias, who adopted the name of Jassa Singh Ramgarhia.  The change was aided by the fact that the ruling family of Kapurthala (the descendants of Jassa Singh Ahluvalia) was also Kalal. So successful have they been that today their Kalal antecedents have been largely forgotten, and the Ahluvalias rank with the Khatris in caste status. Most Ahluvalias as Sikhs."
 
 Kalal or Ahluwalia Subcastes
 
Aakre
Ashkal
Banal
Bhawrishi
Bhagat
Bhambral
Bhandari
Bhar
Bharoo
Bejagade
Bimat
Bontra
Caprahaan
Chandwaan
Channi
Dhaul
Diwan
Harshyaan
Hoon
Jaardi
 Jaiswal
Janvathiya
Jari
Jaspal
Joshan
Judge or Jaaj
Josh
Kaath
Kandel
Kannu
Kapoor
Kent
Kher
Ludhatia
Madhvati
Malhi
Mali
Malihan
Malik
Mumick or Mamik
 Nagi
Neel
Pabra
Paintal
Paul or Pal
Rana
Rekhi
Rosha
Ratra
Sadd
Sand or Sandh
Sambhi
Sigat
Sikand
Shrikant
Sulhyan
Talwar
Tulsi
Yashpal


References:
  • Historical Dictionary of Sikhism , p21, Louis E. Fenech,Rowman & Littlefield, 2014
  • The A to Z of Sikhism , p6,   Scarecrow Press, 2009
  • The Sikh Review, Volume 52, p20,  Issues 7-12; Volume 52, Issues 607-612
  • A History of the Sikhs: From the Origin of the Nation to the Battles of the Sutlej, p1748, Joseph Davey Cunningham, Oxford University Press, 1918
  • The Sikh Review, Volume 35, Issues 397-408, p29,  Sikh Cultural Centre., 1987

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